List of Protestant civilians shot or disappeared by Cork IRA 1920-23

Protestant civilians missing or killed by the IRA, Cork city and County 1920-1923

West Cork
Tom Connell                           Skibbereen
Matthew Sweetnam                Skibereen
Alfred Cotter                           Ballineen
Gilbert Fenton                         Gaggin
William Johnston                     Kilbrittain
Tom Bradfield                         Cardue
Tom Bradfield                         Desertserges
John Good                             Timoleague
William Good                         Timoleague
Tom Cotter                             Lissarda
Warren Peacocke                   Inishannon
Fred Stenning                         Inishannon
Sam Shannon                         Skibbereen


Thomas Hornibrook                Ballygroman
Sam Hornibrook                     Ballygroman
Herbert Woods                      Ballygroman
Gerald McKinley                    Ballineen
Robert Nagle                          Clonakilty
David Gray                             Dunmanway
Francis Fitzmaurice                 Dunmanway
James Buttimer                       Dunmanway
Robert Howe                          Kinneagh
John Chinnery                         Kinneagh
John Bradfield                         Bandon
John Buttimer                          Ballineen
Jim Greenfield                         Ballineen

Eric Wolfe                              Kinsale

Total                                        27*


Cork City

James Blemens                        Blackrock Road
Fred Blemens                           Blackrock Road
James Beal                              College Road
George Horgan                       Ballintemple
Alfred Reilly                            Douglas
George O’Connor                   Rochestown Rd
Francis McMahon                   Victoria Cross
John Moore                             Friar Street
A.N. Other                              Ballinlough Rd/Crosshaven

Thomas Roycroft                    Douglas Road
Wm Edward Parsons              High Street
Arthur Gloster                        Elizabeth Fort
William L Cooke                    Blackrock Road
Theo Creber                          Carrigrohane
William G Beale                     Ballyhooly Road
Edward Williams                    Bridge Street

Total                                        16

Others

John Cathcart                          Youghal
Mary Lindsay                          Dripsey
James Clarke                           Dripsey
Joseph Bolster                         Banteer
Wm McPhearson                    Mallow
Robert Baylor                         Fermoy

Total                                        6

Sub Total                                 49


The Irish Department of Justice has two files of missing persons: H16 and H229, which cover inquiries made during the 1920s (see Appendix III and Appendix IX, The Year of Disappearances). Eighteen of these names are of Cork people, ten of whom were Protestant. A further seven missing persons with Cork connections were the subject of notices in newspapers looking for information as to their whereabouts. From various IRA sources the following are also alleged to have been executed.

1.      6-10 ‘prominent Treaty supporters’ 17 March 1922[1]
2.      5-6 ‘loyalist farmers’ executed at Rylane around 15-18 March 1922[2]
3.      3 ‘loyalist merchants, one of them a magistrate’ Blackrock Road June 1922.[3]
4.      Unnamed drowning victim Boulogne, March 1923 – possibly H.A. Harris.[4]
5.      Three Protestant teenagers allegedly executed and buried at Frankfield.[5]
6.      Six members of Cork YMCA, Glounthaune, March/April 1922[6]


Allowing for duplication, if even half of these were killed then the total number of dead or missing Protestants for Cork city and county is at least 70.

* In the original list of Protestants named as having been killed in West Cork the name of Edward Olliffe appeared. This 18-year-old youth was taken away by armed men on the day of the Truce. The RIC were not able to trace him subsequently. However, it appears he must have been released because he arrived with  most of his family in the US at the end of 1922. I am grateful to Barry Keane for tracking him down a\nd also for establishing that Edward Hawksworth, who was also originally listed, had died of a heart attack rather than because he was deliberately shot.


[1] Irish Times, Cork Constitution, Cork Examiner, Morning Post, Irish Independent, 20-24/3/1922, Connie Neenan, O’Malley P17b/112.
[2] Frank Busteed, O’Malley P17b/112
[3] Connie Neenan, O’Malley P17b/112.
[4] Irish Times, Cork Examiner, Freeman’s Journal, Irish Independent, 26/3/1922 – 23/4/1922.
[5] Connie Neenan, O’Malley P17b/112. See also The Year of Disappearances, Chapters 19 and 57
[6] Martin Corry in James Fitzgerald, Foras Feasa na Paroiste.